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Thread: code of practice for the care and handling of dairy cattle

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    Default code of practice for the care and handling of dairy cattle

    code of practice for the care and handling of dairy cattle
    2009












    Table of Contents

    Preface .................................................. .................................................. ...3
    Introduction .................................................. ...............................................4
    Section 1 Accommodation, Housing, and Handling Facilities
    1.1 Housing Systems .................................................. .................................................. ..5
    1.1.1 Unweaned Calves .................................................. .................................................. .....5
    1.1.2 Heifers, Milking Cows and Dry Cows .................................................. .........6
    1.2 Facilities for Special Needs .................................................. .................................................. .....7
    1.2.1 Calving .................................................. .................................................. ....7
    1.2.2 Post-Calving (Fresh Cows) .................................................. .................................................. .....8
    1.2.3 Sick and Injured Cattle .................................................. .................................................. .....8
    1.3 Ventilation, Temperature, and Humidity .................................................. .................................................. ..8
    1.4 Stall Design............................................ .................................................. ..........10
    1.5 Space Allowances .................................................. ...............................................10
    1.6 Bedding Management .................................................. .............................................11
    1.7 Feeding Area .................................................. .................................................. ......12
    1.8 Milking Systems........................................... .................................................. .........12
    1.9 Pastures, Yards, and Transfer Alleys............................................ .................................................. ...........13
    1.10 Handling Facilities........................................ .................................................. ...........14
    1.11 Breeding Bulls............................................. .................................................. ............14
    Section 2 Feed and Water
    2.1 Body Condition Scoring .................................................. .................................................. ..15
    2.2 Nutrition and Feed Management .................................................. .............................................16
    2.2.1 Unweaned Calves............................................ .................................................. ..........16
    2.2.2 Heifers........................................... .................................................. ...........18
    2.2.3 Dry Cows .................................................. .................................................. .....18
    2.2.4 Transition Cows.............................................. .................................................. ..........18
    2.3 Water .................................................. .................................................. ....19
    Section 3 Health and Welfare Management
    3.1 Relationship of Animal Health to Animal Welfare........................................... .................................................. ..........20
    3.2 Stockmanship Skills Related to Animal Health and Welfare........................................... .................................................. ..........20
    3.3 Grouping and Animal Movement .................................................. ................................................21
    3.4 Veterinary Care and Herd Health Management Programs .................................................. .................................................. 22
    3.5 Lameness .................................................. .................................................2 3
    3.6 Mastitis .................................................. .................................................. ..24
    3.7 Health Conditions around Calving .................................................. .................................................. ..25
    3.8 Calves .................................................. .................................................. ...26
    3.9 Sick, Injured, and Cull Animals .................................................. .................................................. ..27
    3.10 Manure Management and Cleanliness Scoring .................................................. .................................................. ..28
    3.11 Pest Control .................................................. .................................................. ..28
    3.12 Genetics .................................................. .................................................. 29
    3.13 Emergencies and Safety............................................ .................................................. ..........29
    3.14 Electric Trainers in Tie-Stall Barns .................................................. .................................................. .....30
    Section 4 Husbandry Practices
    4.1 Handling, Moving, Restraining, and Treating Animals .................................................. .................................................. ..31
    4.2 Breeding .................................................. .................................................. .31
    4.3 Disbudding and Dehorning .................................................. .................................................3 2
    4.4 Identification and Branding.......................................... .................................................. ..........33
    4.5 Castration........................................ .................................................. .........33
    4.6 Tail Docking........................................... .................................................. ..........33
    4.7 Extra Teat Removal .................................................. .................................................. .34
    4.8 Milking .................................................. .................................................. ...35
    4.9 Hoof Trimming .................................................. .................................................. 35
    4.10 Udder Hair Removal .................................................. .................................................. .36
    Section 5 Transportation
    5.1 Pre-Transport Decision Making............................................ .................................................. ..........37
    5.1.1 Fitness for Transport .................................................. .................................................3 7
    5.1.2 Preparing Cattle for Transport .................................................. .................................................3 9
    5.1.3 Arranging Transport .................................................. .................................................4 0
    5.2 Loading and Receiving......................................... .................................................. ..........41
    Section 6 Euthanasia
    6.1 On-Farm Euthanasia Protocols......................................... .................................................. ..........42
    6.2 Methods .................................................. .................................................. .42
    6.3 Evidence of Death .................................................. .................................................. ....43
    References .................................................. ..............................................44
    Appendices:


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    Last edited by Micotil; 11th February 2013 at 12:53 PM. Reason: Remove expired
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