Textbook of Small Animal Orthopedics
by Charles Newton and David Nunamaker
Edition: 1st., 1985
The first advancement in veterinary orthopaedics came in 1920 when fluoroscopy of the skeleton was introduced. Watching bone images move on the screen of the fluoroscope made orthopaedics an exciting and challenging subject. Observing the bones by fluoroscopy was so fascinating that radiographs were seldom made except for permanent records. Both fluoroscopy and radiography generated new insights into orthopaedic problems never before considered. New methods of fracture reduction were developed.