Aquaculture Site Selection and Site Management
Aquaculture is currently facing a significant challenge: how to alleviate the pressure on fish stocks exerted by commercial fishing and yet meet the increasing demand for sea products in local and international markets in a sustainable way. As a consequence, aquaculture is expected to develop considerably in the near future in countries all round the Mediterranean.
The availability of suitable areas for aquaculture in the Mediterranean region is becoming a major problem for the development and expansion of the activity. There is a need for sites with appropriate environmental characteristics and good water quality. In addition to these natural limiting factors, the social aspects of interactions with other human activities or conflicts over the use and appropriation of resources in the much-exploited coastal zone are constraints to be considered when aquaculture facilities are set up.