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    Default Understanding pathogen behaviour: Virulence, stress response and resistance




    Edited by M Griffiths, University of Guelph, Canada

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Food Science, Technology and Nutrition No. 111
    …an essential resource for all in the food safety industry. …a must-have microbiology text, dealing with prevailing issues in the food safety industry worldwide.
    Food Processing
    …a well written book containing a wealth of up-to-date information.
    Microbiology Today 2006
    …highly recommended to food scientists and, especially, to practical workers in the food industry, who are responsible for ensuring food safety.
    Advances in Food Science
    - summarises the wealth of recent research in pathogen behaviour
    - assesses implications for microbiologists and QA staff in the food industry
    Pathogens respond dynamically to their environment. Understanding their behaviour is critical both because of evidence of increased resistance to established sanitation and preservation techniques, and because of the increased use of minimal processing technologies which are more vulnerable to the development of resistance. Understanding pathogen behaviour summarises the wealth of recent research and its implications for the food industry.

    After two introductory chapters on ways of analysing and modelling pathogens, Part one summarises current research on what determines pathogenicity, stress response, adaptation and resistance. Part two reviews the behaviour of particular pathogens, reviewing virulence, stress response and resistance mechanisms in such pathogens as Salmonella, E.coli and Campylobacter. The final part of the book assesses how pathogens react and adapt to particular stresses from heat treatment and the effects of low temperature to the use of disinfectants and sanitisers.

    With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Understanding pathogen behaviour is a standard reference for the food industry in ensuring food safety.
    ISBN 1 85573 953 4
    ISBN-13: 978 1 85573 953 6
    July 2005



    Contents

    Introduction

    PART 1 UNDERSTANDING VIRULENCE, STRESS RESPONSE AND RESISTANCE MECHANISMS

    Understanding the behaviour of pathogenic cells: proteome and metabolome analysis
    S Vaidyanathan and R Goodacre, UMIST, UK
    - Introduction
    - Rationale behind analysing proteomes and metabolomes
    - Strategies for proteome analyses
    - Metabolome analyses
    - Proteomic and metabolomic fingerprinting and footprinting
    - Bioinformatics and in silico approaches
    - Applications in understanding pathogen behaviour
    - Future trends
    - References
    Mechanistic modelling of pathogen stress response
    Y Le Marc, J Baranyi, Institute of Food Research, UK, and T Ross, University of Tasmania, Australia
    - Introduction
    - Mathematical modelling of microbial population kinetics
    - Primary models
    - Secondary modelling: growth rate modelling
    - Secondary modelling: lag time models
    - Validation and prediction of the bacterial growth
    - Modelling the effects of stress
    - Conclusion
    - References
    The development of pathogenicity
    C Gyles, University of Guelph, Canada
    - Introduction
    - Pathogenicity and virulence
    - Genetic exchange and the development of pathogenicity
    - The food processing environment and the evolution of pathogenicity
    - Predicting and controlling pathogenicity
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Host–pathogen interactions
    A Roberts and M Wiedmann, Cornell University, USA
    Introduction
    - Host defense mechanisms and pathogen survival strategies
    - Pathogenic cell adhesion and invasion
    - Factors affecting virulence expression
    - Summary: blocking infection
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Factors affecting stress response
    C E R Dodd, The University of Nottingham, UK
    - Introduction: heterogeneity in cellular response to stress
    - Cellular stage of growth and bacterial resistance
    - Response regulators
    - The role of free radicals in stress responses
    - Summary: consequences of stress response and resistance
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Cross-protective effects of bacterial stress
    L Rodriguez-Romo and A Yousef, Ohio State University, USA
    - Introduction
    - Microbial stress adaptation and cross-protection
    - Types of microbial stress adaptation
    - Regulation of cross-protective responses
    - Stresses that induce cross-protection
    - Detecting and quantifying cross-protection
    - Anticipating cross-protection
    - Preventing cross-protection
    - Future trends
    - References
    Sublethal injury, pathogen virulence and adaptation
    C Donnelly and D Nyachuba, University of Vermont, USA
    - Introduction: defining sublethal injury
    - Processing conditions producing sublethal injury
    - Impact of sublethal injury on recovery of foodborne pathogens
    - Consequences or potential consequences of sublethal injury on food safety
    - Injury and virulence
    - Designing preservation processes to prevent sublethal injury or maximize injury
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Detecting sublethally-damaged cells
    M Adams, University of Surrey, UK
    - Introduction
    - Resuscitation of injured cells
    - Detecting injury
    - Future trends
    - References
    PART 2 VIRULENCE AND STRESS RESPONSE OF MECHANISMS OF PARTICULAR PATHOGENS pathogens

    Salmonella: virulence, stress response and resistance
    J Maurer and M Lee, University of Georgia, USA
    - Introduction
    - Understanding the molecular basis of Salmonella virulence
    - The genetic regulation of Salmonella’s growth, survival and virulence
    - Salmonella’s resistance to particular types of stress
    - References
    E. coli: virulence, stress response and resistance
    P McClure, Unilver R&D Colworth, UK
    - Introduction
    - Virulence mechanisms and pathotypes
    - Factors affecting virulence
    - Types of stress affecting pathogenic strains and response mechanisms
    - Summary: improving risk assessment and control in food
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Campylobacter: stress response and resistance
    S Park, University of Surrey, UK
    - Introduction
    - Campylobacters in the food supply
    - Stress responses in food and the environment
    - The pathogenesis of campylobacter infection
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Bacillus cereus: factors affecting virulence
    C Nguyen-the and V Broussolle, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France
    - Introduction
    - Taxonomy of Bacillus cereus
    - Virulence factors of Bacillus cereus
    - The spores of Bacillus cereus
    - Ecology and epidemiology of Bacillus cereus
    - Future trends
    - References
    Staphylococcus aureus: pathogenesis and stress response
    J Gustafson, New Mexico State University, and B Wilkinson, Illinois State University, USA
    - Introduction
    - Staphylococcal enterotoxins
    - Growth of S
    - aureus in the food environment
    - Food processing and preservation: what microbes encounter
    - The response of S
    - aureus to particular types of stress
    - Prevention of staphylococcal food poisoning
    - Future trends
    - Acknowledgements
    - References
    Vibrio species: pathogenesis and stress response
    F Reen and E Boyd, University College Cork, Ireland
    - Introduction
    - Quorum sensing in Vibrio species
    - Biofilm formation and surface adhesion
    - Stress response mechanisms
    - Risk assessment in food
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - Acknowledgements
    - References
    PART 3 PATHOGEN RESISTANCE AND ADAPTATION TO PARTICULAR STRESSES

    Understanding pathogen survival and resistance in the food chain
    S Brul, University of Amsterdam, and J Wells, Institute for Food Research, UK, and Joerg Ueckert, Unilever R&D Vlaardingen, The Netherlands
    - Introduction
    - Stresses encountered in animal hosts
    - Food preservation strategies
    - Microbial stress responses to food preservation regimes
    - Genomics-based detection in the food chain
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - Acknowledgements
    - References
    Pathogen resistance and adaptation to heat stress
    V Juneja and J Novak, United States Department of Agriculture, USA
    - Introduction
    - Predicting pathogen resistance
    - Factors influencing the development of resistance
    - Targets of heat damage
    - Strategies to counter pathogen resistance
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Pathogen resistance and adaptation to emerging technologies
    G Gould, University of Leeds, UK
    - Introduction
    - Ionising irradiation
    - High pressure processing
    - High voltage pulsed electric fields
    - Conclusions
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Pathogen resistance and adaptation to natural antimicrobials
    P Davidson, T Taylor and L Santiago, University of Tennessee, USA
    - Introduction
    - Types of natural antimicrobials by source
    - Potential resistance responses by pathogens to natural antimicrobials
    - Factors influencing development of resistance
    - Predicting pathogen resistance
    - Strategies for overcoming resistance
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Pathogen resistance and adaptation to disinfectants and sanitisers
    A van Asselt and M te Giffel, The Netherlands Institute for Dairy Research, The Netherlands
    - Introduction
    - Types of disinfectant and their mode of action Strategies for optimising cleaning and disinfection Types of pathogen response to disinfectants
    - Predicting microbial resistance to disinfectants
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    Pathogen resistance and adaptation to low temperature
    Dr J P Sutherland, London Metropolitan University, UK
    - Introduction
    - Effect of temperature on microbial growth
    - Effect of low temperature on the structure, physiology and metabolism of bacterial cells
    - Pathogenicity in relation to low temperature
    - Conclusion
    - Future trends
    - Sources of further information and advice
    - References
    PART 4 APPENDIX

    Clostridium
    M W Peck, Institute of Food Research, UK
    - Introduction
    - Taxonomy and properties of the Clostridium botulinum group
    - Characterisation and types of botulism
    - Epidemiology of foodborne botulism
    - Incidence of clostridium botulinum in the environment and in foods
    - Factors influencing growth, survival and neurotoxin formation
    - Conclusion and future trends
    - Acknowledgments
    - References
    Quorum sensing
    M Griffiths, University of Guelph, Canada
    - Introduction
    - Gram negative bacteria
    - The definition of a signal molecule
    - Quorum sensing in Gram negative foodborne pathogens
    - Other Gram negative bacteria of significance in food
    - Gram positive bacteria
    - L. monocytogenes
    - Alternative QS systems
    - Quorum sensing and host cells
    - Strategies to interfere with quorum sensing
    - Halogenated furanones
    - Quorum sensing and food microbiology
    - References


    624 pages 234 x 156mm hardback
    £180.00 / US$305.00 / €215.00





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    Default Re: Understanding pathogen behaviour: Virulence, stress response and resistance

    Can someone reupload this book? The link provided is not working. Please!!!!!
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