Advances in Shrimp Biotechnology
Proceedings to the Special Session on shrimp biotechnology, fifth Asian Fisheries Forum,
Chiang Mai, Thailand, 11-14 Nov. 1998
by T. W. Flegel
National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 1998
This is an exciting time for the study of biotechnology related to shrimp rearing. Up to now,
basic knowledge regarding the major cultivated shrimp species has lagged far behind the technical
innovations that have led to successful intensification of culture and to ever increasing world production.
However, rearing problems and sometimes catastrophic farm losses have forced the realization
that the lack of basic knowledge must be redressed if the causes of lost production are to be determined and rectified so that high levels of production can be maintained. Furthermore, since shrimp
farming is a potentially self-polluting industry, it is well understood that sustaining high production
levels will also require further innovation to minimize its adverse environmental impacts. Biotechnology
will play a central role in helping us to understand the shrimp and to improve all aspects of
rearing practice. The contributions in this volume show that an international effort in the field is
already yielding beneficial returns to the industry. The papers cover broad topics from environmental
issues, to shrimp domestication and larval rearing.