Workforce Needs in Veterinary Medicine
Committee to Assess the Current and Future Workforce Needs in Veterinary Medicine; Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources; Board on Higher Education and Workforce; Division on Earth and Life Studies; Policy and Global Affairs Authoring Organizations
ISBN: 978-0-309-25744-2
NAS Press 2012
323 pages





This report seeks to broaden the public's understanding and attempts to anticipate some of the needs and measures that are essential for the profession to fulfill given its changing roles in the 21st century.

To address some of the problems facing the veterinary profession, greater public and private support for education and research in veterinary medicine is needed.
The public, policymakers, and even medical professionals are frequently unaware of how veterinary medicine fundamentally supports both animal and human health and well-being.



Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1

SUMMARY 3

1 INTRODUCTION 19

2 COMPANION-ANIMAL MEDICINE 25
Companion-Animal Veterinarians, 25
Lifestyle Benefits of Companion-Animal Medicine, 25
Demand for Companion-Animal Veterinary Services, 28
Future Supply of Companion-Animal Veterinarians, 34
Meeting Future Workforce Demands, 38

3 EQUINE VETERINARY MEDICINE 43
The Equine Industry, 43
Equine Veterinarians, 47
Equine Practices and Earnings, 50
Future Workforce Needs, 51

4 FOOD-ANIMAL VETERINARY MEDICINE 55
Introduction, 55
Industry Consolidation: Changing Demand for Veterinary Services, 58
The Supply of Food-Animal Veterinarians, 75
Future Directions in Food-Animal Veterinary Medicine, 84


5 VETERINARIANS IN INDUSTRY 89
Introduction, 89
Types of Industry Employers, 90
Inquiry of Selected Companies, 92
Board-Certified Veterinarians: Supply And Demand, 102

6 VETERINARIANS IN PUBLIC PRACTICE 107
Introduction, 107
Public Practice Veterinarians, 108
Federal Agency Employers of Veterinarians, 109
Veterinarians in State Government, 113
Salaries of Public Practice Veterinarians, 114
Future Supply of Public Practice Veterinarians, 116
Addressing the Risk of Gaps in the Public Veterinary Workforce, 119

7 VETERINARIANS IN WILDLIFE AND ECOSYSTEM HEALTH 123
Introduction, 123
Roles of Veterinarians in Wildlife and Ecosystem Health, 127
The Future Supply of Veterinarians for Jobs in Wildlife and Ecosystem Health, 141

8 GLOBAL FOOD SECURITY 149
Introduction, 149
Urbanization in the Developing World, 150
Urban Food Security, 151
Sustainable Intensification of Food Animal Production, 154
The Impact of Infectious Disease on Food Security, 156
The Importance of a Global Veterinary Structure, 156
9 ACADEMIC VETERINARY MEDICINE 161
Introduction, 161
Funding for Veterinarian Education, 163
The Evolving Veterinary Curriculum, 163
New Concepts in Veterinary Education, 167
The Role of Veterinary Faculty, 170
Post-DVM Training and Education, 177
Research in Academic Veterinary Medicine, 183

10 AN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE ON THE VETERINARY PROFESSION 189
Introduction, 189
The Rate of Return of a DVM Degree, 190
Trends in Earnings, 195
Supply of Graduates, 200
Increasing the Rate of Return of a Veterinary Education, 202

11 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 207
The State of the Veterinary Profession: Another Defining Moment in its History, 207


REFERENCES 221





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