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Thread: Integrated Vector Management:Controlling Vectors of Malaria & Other Insect Vector Borne Di

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    Default Integrated Vector Management:Controlling Vectors of Malaria & Other Insect Vector Borne Di

    Integrated Vector Management: Controlling Vectors of Malaria and Other Insect Vector Borne Diseases
    Graham Matthews
    ISBN: 978-0-470-65966-3
    248 pages
    2012 -






    Diseases transmitted by insects continue to have a major impact on human populations. Malaria, dengue, onchocerciasis, sleeping sickness and leishmaniasis all adversely affect man. Malaria is one of the most important causes of child mortality and reduces economic development in many countries, with agricultural productivity often greatly reduced, as many vectors are active in the wet season favourable for crop production. Vector control is crucial to reduce the extent to which drugs are needed to treat the diseases, as the parasite can become resistant, or the drugs are often too expensive for those living in rural areas and urban slums most affected by these diseases.

    Chemical control of vectors is often the only method that can reduce vector populations in a disease epidemic, but with vectors developing resistance to insecticides, there is increasing awareness that a single control method is often insufficient and also that chemical control must be integrated where possible with other control measures.

    In Integrated Vector Management, Graham Matthews covers the main chemical methods of vector control, including the use of indoor residual spraying, space treatments, the use of treated bed nets and larviciding, but also stresses the importance of drainage schemes and improvement of houses to prevent access of indoor vectors, techniques that have largely been responsible for reducing the risk of vector borne diseases in Europe and the USA. This book combines practical information from successful vector control programmes, including early use of DDT, and recent research into a vital resource for all those now involved in combating insect vector borne diseases.

    Integrated Vector Management is an essential tool, not only for medical entomologists and those directly involved in government health departments, but also for all those who provide the skills and management needed to operate successful area-wide vector management programmes. Libraries in all universities and research establishments world-wide, where biological sciences, medicine and agriculture are studied and taught should have multiple copies of this important book.


    Contents

    Preface

    Acknowledgements

    1 Introduction

    Insect vectors

    Distribution of vectors

    Mosquitoes

    Anopheles spp.

    Aedes spp.

    Culex spp.

    Flies

    Simulium spp.

    Glossina spp. tsetse flies

    Phlebotomine sand flies

    Musca domestica and other synanthropic spp.

    Other vectors

    Triatomine bugs

    Chemical control

    Hazard and toxicity

    Toxicity

    Insecticides

    WHO recommendations

    Formulations

    Packaging and storage

    Waste disposal

    Conclusion

    References

    2 Indoor Residual Spraying

    Equipment for indoor residual spraying

    Spray volume

    Insecticides

    Operator exposure

    Resident exposure

    Implementation of indoor residual spraying

    Village intervention teams

    Planning programmes

    Insecticides

    Equipment required

    Storage

    Training

    Monitoring

    Environmental assessment

    Evaluation

    Economics

    Conclusion

    References

    3 Space Treatment

    Requirements for space treatments

    Equipment for space treatments

    Portable equipment

    Mist treatments

    Vehicle mounted equipment

    Aerial application

    Insecticides

    Planning

    Assessment of space sprays

    Monitoring

    Conclusion

    References

    4 Bed Nets and Treated Clothing

    Material

    Mesh size

    Shape

    Insecticide

    Insecticide impregnation

    Impact of washing nets

    Distribution of nets

    Trial data

    Operational use

    Treated clothing

    Impregnated sheeting

    Conclusion

    References

    5 Larviciding

    Larvicide application

    Mosquito control

    Oils

    Insecticides

    Application of mosquito larvicides

    Knapsack spraying

    Motorised equipment

    Aerial application for mosquito control

    Application of aerial sprays

    Application of granules

    Ground application

    Aerial application

    Monitoring

    Black flies

    Insecticides

    Aerial application of larvicides for black fly control

    Boat application

    Applications in small streams

    Monitoring

    Conclusion

    References

    6 Integrated Vector Management

    Cultural controls

    House design

    Drainage and water management schemes

    Personal protection

    Impregnated clothing

    Insecticide treated bed nets

    Repellents

    Barrier treatments

    Implementation of IVM

    An example of IVM at Copper mines in Zambia

    Costs

    Development of new technology

    Conclusion

    References

    7 Other Insects – Flies, Cockroaches and Bed Bugs

    Flies

    Refuse dumps

    Space treatments

    Mist treatments

    Cockroaches

    Traps

    Sprays

    Baits

    Bed bugs

    Conclusion

    References

    8 Looking Ahead

    New insecticides?

    Can insecticides with new modes of action be developed?

    Insecticide resistance

    Bio-pesticides

    Spray technology

    Electrostatic spraying?

    Different sprayers?

    Different nozzles?

    Using a paint

    Innovative application technique

    Genetically modified mosquitoes

    Attractants

    Urbanisation

    Economics

    Conclusion

    References

    Appendix A: Calibration

    Appendix B: Conversion Tables

    Index

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    Last edited by Micotil; 2nd July 2012 at 01:33 PM.
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