Introduction to Physical Oceanography
by Robert H. Stewart
Edition: September 2006
This book is written for upper-division undergraduates and new graduate students in meteorology, ocean engineering, and oceanography. Because these students have a diverse background, I have emphasized ideas and concepts more than mathematical derivations.
Unlike most books, I am distributing this book for free in digital format via the world-wide web. I am doing this for two reasons:
1. Textbooks are usually out of date by the time they are published, usually a year or two after the author finishes writing the book. Randol Larson, writing in Syllabus, states: “In my opinion, technology textbooks are a waste of natural resources. They’re out of date the moment they are published. Because of their short shelf life, students don’t even want to hold on to them”—(Larson, 2002). By publishing in electronic form, I can make revisions every year, keeping the book current.
2. Many students, especially in less-developed countries cannot afford the high cost of textbooks from the developed world. This then is a gift from the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration nasa to the students of the world.
1 A Voyage of Discovery
2 The Historical Setting
3 The Physical Setting
4 Atmospheric Influences
5 The Oceanic Heat Budget
6 Temperature, Salinity, and Density
7 The Equations of Motion
8 Equations of Motion With Viscosity
9 Response of the Upper Ocean to Winds
10 Geostrophic Currents
11 Wind Driven Ocean Circulation
12 Vorticity in the Ocean
13 Deep Circulation in the Ocean
14 Equatorial Processes
15 Numerical Models
16 Ocean Waves
17 Coastal Processes and Tides