FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries. No. 13.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2012. 176 pp.
Recreational fishing is defined as fishing of aquatic animals (mainly fish)
that do not constitute the individualís primary resource to meet basic
nutritional needs and are not generally sold or otherwise traded on export,
domestic or black markets. Recreational fishing constitutes the dominant
use of wild fish stocks in all freshwaters of industrialized countries, and it
is prominent in many coastal ecosystems. The importance of recreational
fisheries is increasing rapidly in many transitional economies. The present
Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries are focused on recreational
fisheries and describe strategies to promote environmentally sustainable
and socially responsible management of such fisheries. To this end, the
document details policy, management and behavioural recommendations
for sustainable recreational fisheries that are an increasingly important
component of global fisheries. Specifically, the Guidelines translate the
relevant provisions of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries
into specific advice for recreational fisheries. The concept of aquatic
stewardship is introduced as an overarching ethical framework needed to
achieve ecologically sustainable recreational fisheries on a global scale.
Within this normative mindset, the adaptive management philosophy
based on quantifiable and transparent objectives and continuous learning
and feedback loops is proposed along with the acknowledgement of
principles such as the ecosystem approach and the precautionary approach.
Detailed sections on policy and institutional frameworks (tailored towards
policy-makers), recreational fisheries management actions and strategies
(tailored towards fisheries managers), recreational fisheries practices
(tailored towards individual recreational fishers) and recreational fisheries
research (tailored to researchers and managers) provide tangible advice for
responsible recreational fisheries. The special considerations necessary for
recreational fisheries in developing countries and economies in transition
are acknowledged. Adherence to the guidelines and recommendations
presented in the present document will enable policy-makers, managers
and the entire recreational fisheries sector to orient recreational fisheries
towards maintaining or achieving sustainability.