Stem Cells in Marine Organisms
By Baruch Rinkevich and Valeria Matranga
Edition: 1st., 2009
Stem cell biology is a fast developing scientific di, scipline. Based on solid basic aspects, this emerging cell biology field is associated with highly popular applied features. Growing attention is devoted in recent years toward studies on stem cells biology in model organisms (mainly mammalians) including stem cells differentiation and gene expression in selective vertebrates. These studies, in addition to their inherent interest in the general biological phenomenon of stem cells, are motivated by the rationale that stem cells might serve in fighting against human diseases,
or in regenerating damaged organs in humans. While the literature on stem cell from vertebrates is rich and expanding in an exponential rate, investigations on marine organismsí stem cells are very limited and scarce. This is in spite of the results, pointing that marine organismsí stem cells are important in various biological disciplines that involve understanding of mechanisms promoting cell growth and differentiation, in developmental biology aspects such as regeneration and budding processes in marine invertebrates, body maintenance of marine organisms
(including those that may live for decades), aging and senescence.