by Odd-Ivar Lekang
The aquaculture industry, which has been growing at a very high rate for many years now, is projected to continue growing at a rate higher than most other industries for the foreseeable future. This growth has mainly been driven by static catches from most fisheries and a decline in stocks of many major commercially caught fish species, combined with the ever increasing need for marine protein due to continuing population growth. An increased focus on the need for fish in the diet, due to mounting evidence of the health benefits of eating more fish, will also increase the demand.
There has been rapid development of technology in the aquaculture industry, particularly as used in intensive aquaculture where there is high production per m3 farming volume. It is predicted that the expansion of the aquaculture industry will lead to further technical development with more, and cheaper, technology being available for use in the industry in the future years. The aim with this book is to give a general overview of the technology used in the aquaculture industry. Individual chapters focus on water transfer, water treatment, production units and additional equipment used on aquaculture plants. Chapters where equipment is set into systems, such as land-based fish farms and cage farms, are also included.