Edited by: Sanjai Saxena
Applied microbiology is primarily associated with exploitation of these microorganisms directly or indirectly in processes and products that are of
economic, environmental and social importance throughout the world. Knowledge related to genetic engineering has revolutionized applied microbiology by enhancing the desired traits and removing the undesired traits from microorganisms thereby enhancing their commercial applicability.
Today microorganisms are playing a key role in the production of a variety of products via fermentation processes which include production of enzymes for use in commercial products like detergents, medicines, personal care products etc., chemical feedstocks, foods and pharmaceuticals.