Antibiotic Therapy in Exotic Pets
by Douglas Mader
Antibiotics are part of a broader group of chemicals called antimicrobials. An antimicrobial is any drug that kills microbes. Microbes can be any microscopic organisms such as bacteria, protozoa, viruses and fungi. The term antibiotic is reserved for those drugs which are derived from living organisms. Penicillin, which is a drug produced from the mold penicillium, and tetracycline, which is produced from a fungus called Streptomyces, are both antimicrobials, but more specifically, they are also both antibiotics.