Selenium in Nutrition: Revised Edition
by Committee on Animal Nutrition, NRC and Subcommittee on Selenium
Edition: 2nd., 1983
Early interest in selenium by nutritionists concerned its high concentration in certain range plants and the consequent toxicosis in animals that grazed those plants. More recently, the essential nature of selenium has become the center of attention, and
this element is now known to be required by laboratory animals, food animals (including fish), and humans. Its role as an integral feature of glutathione peroxidase has been established, and other possible functions are under active investigation.
This report reviews current knowledge concerning selenium in nutrition, includingchemistry, distribution, metabolism, biochemical functions, deficiency signs, and effects of excess intake. For further background, the reader may wish to refer to the earlier reports of the National Research Council: Selenium in Nutrition (1971), Medical and Biological Effects of Environmental Pollutants: Selenium (1976), and Mineral Tolerance of Domestic Animals (1980).