Production and Management of Camels
by B.B. Khan and A.Iqbal
Publisher: University of Agriculture of Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Permanent wells are a long distance from each other and temporary water reservoirs are few. Farming is confined to small areas of private ownership. Vegetation degradation is prominent only near permanent water sources in villages and in misused farming areas surrounding villages. The condition of vegetation in the rest of the district is in fair to good condition. Frequent movement of the pastoralists and infestation of biting flies led to a natural rotation of areas being used. Because of this natural grazing system, supported by good management in the allocation of water points and the choice of kinds of livestock, an ecological equilibrium seems to prevail. Changes in any of these factors may reduce and eventually destroy the equilibrium that has existed for centuries. The risky nature of the environment, the continual redistribution of livestock wealth between households, and labour requirement, discourage any widespread and permanent wealth accumulation. Pastoral wealth lies in livestock and remains vulnerable to drought and diseases. Because of the low fertility rate, the slowness of the reproductive cycle, and the cost and intensive labour requirement of camels, some pastoralists in Ceeldheer District have been unable to acquire adequate camel herds. Instead, they have turned to raising sheep and cattle in the coastal plains. Because of the difference in ecological requirements, it is rare to find camel and cattle raised together.
DVMDOCS FVS, UAF, Pakistan