Nasitrema
sp.-associated Encephalitis in a Striped Dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) Stranded in the Gulf of Mexico
ABSTRACT: An immature
female striped dolphin

(Stenella coeruleoalba)
found dead on a

northwestern Florida beach in
1988 exhibited

severe inflammation bilaterally in the dorsal and
mid-thalamus in association with adult trema
todes

(Nasitrema
sp.) and trematode eggs. Numerous
specimens of
Nasitrerna sp. also were

present in the pterygoid sinuses. Pneumonia in
association with a heavy growth of
Vibrio damsela

was observed also. This report confirms the
occurrence of
Nasitrema sp. -associated encephalitis
in striped dolphins and in small cetaceans

from
the Gulf of Mexico.

Key words:
Brain, case history, encephalitis,

Nasitrema
sp., pathology, Stenella

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